Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 - O75197 (LRP5_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Acts as a coreceptor with members of the frizzled family of seven-transmembrane spanning receptors to transduce signal by Wnt proteins (PubMed:11336703, PubMed:11448771, PubMed:15778503, PubMed:11719191, PubMed:15908424, PubMed:16252235). Activates the canonical Wnt signaling pathway that controls cell fate determination and self-renewal during embryonic development and adult tissue regeneration (PubMed:11336703, PubMed:11719191). In particular, may play an important role in the development of the posterior patterning of the epiblast during gastrulation (By similarity). During bone development, regulates osteoblast proliferation and differentiation thus determining bone mass (PubMed:11719191). Mechanistically, the formation of the signaling complex between Wnt ligand, frizzled receptor and LRP5 coreceptor promotes the recruitment of AXIN1 to LRP5, stabilizing beta-catenin/CTNNB1 and activating TCF/LEF-mediated transcriptional programs (PubMed:11336703, PubMed:25920554, PubMed:24706814, PubMed:14731402). Acts as a coreceptor for non-Wnt proteins, such as norrin/NDP. Binding of norrin/NDP to frizzled 4/FZD4-LRP5 receptor complex triggers beta-catenin/CTNNB1-dependent signaling known to be required for retinal vascular development (PubMed:27228167, PubMed:16252235). Plays a role in controlling postnatal vascular regression in retina via macrophage-induced endothelial cell apoptosis (By similarity). UniProt
Pathway Maps
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Forms phosphorylated oligomer aggregates on Wnt-signaling (By similarity). Component of a Wnt-signaling complex that contains a WNT protein, a FZD protein and LRP5 or LRP6. Interacts with FZD8; the interaction is formed on WNT-binding and signaling (PubMed:11448771). Interacts (via the phosphorylated PPPSP motif domains) with AXIN1; the interaction prevents inhibition of beta-catenin phosphorylation and signaling and is enhanced in the presence of GSK3B and WNT1 or WNT3A (PubMed:11336703, PubMed:14731402). Interacts (via beta-propeller regions 3 and 4) with DKK1; the interaction, enhanced by MESD and/or KREMEN, inhibits beta-catenin signaling by preventing GSK3-mediated phosphorylation of the PPPSP motifs and subsequent, AXIN1 binding (PubMed:11448771, PubMed:15778503, PubMed:19746449). Interacts with MESD; the interaction prevents the formation of LRP5 aggregates, targets LRP5 to the plasma membrane and, when complexed with KREMEN2, increases DKK1 binding (PubMed:17488095, PubMed:19746449, PubMed:15143163). Interacts with CSNK1E (PubMed:16513652). Interacts with SOST; the interaction antagonizes canonical Wnt signaling (PubMed:15778503, PubMed:15908424). Interacts with APCDD1 (PubMed:20393562). Interacts with CAPRIN2 (PubMed:18762581). UniProt
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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