Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 - O75197 (LRP5_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

 
Function
Acts as a coreceptor with members of the frizzled family of seven-transmembrane spanning receptors to transduce signal by Wnt proteins (PubMed:11336703, PubMed:11448771, PubMed:15778503, PubMed:11719191, PubMed:15908424, PubMed:16252235). Activates the canonical Wnt signaling pathway that controls cell fate determination and self-renewal during embryonic development and adult tissue regeneration (PubMed:11336703, PubMed:11719191). In particular, may play an important role in the development of the posterior patterning of the epiblast during gastrulation (By similarity). During bone development, regulates osteoblast proliferation and differentiation thus determining bone mass (PubMed:11719191). Mechanistically, the formation of the signaling complex between Wnt ligand, frizzled receptor and LRP5 coreceptor promotes the recruitment of AXIN1 to LRP5, stabilizing beta-catenin/CTNNB1 and activating TCF/LEF-mediated transcriptional programs (PubMed:11336703, PubMed:25920554, PubMed:24706814, PubMed:14731402). Acts as a coreceptor for non-Wnt proteins, such as norrin/NDP. Binding of norrin/NDP to frizzled 4/FZD4-LRP5 receptor complex triggers beta-catenin/CTNNB1-dependent signaling known to be required for retinal vascular development (PubMed:27228167, PubMed:16252235). Plays a role in controlling postnatal vascular regression in retina via macrophage-induced endothelial cell apoptosis (By similarity). UniProt
Pathway Maps
Maps:       
Reactions:
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Forms phosphorylated oligomer aggregates on Wnt-signaling (By similarity). Component of a Wnt-signaling complex that contains a WNT protein, a FZD protein and LRP5 or LRP6. Interacts with FZD8; the interaction is formed on WNT-binding and signaling (PubMed:11448771). Interacts (via the phosphorylated PPPSP motif domains) with AXIN1; the interaction prevents inhibition of beta-catenin phosphorylation and signaling and is enhanced in the presence of GSK3B and WNT1 or WNT3A (PubMed:11336703, PubMed:14731402). Interacts (via beta-propeller regions 3 and 4) with DKK1; the interaction, enhanced by MESD and/or KREMEN, inhibits beta-catenin signaling by preventing GSK3-mediated phosphorylation of the PPPSP motifs and subsequent, AXIN1 binding (PubMed:11448771, PubMed:15778503, PubMed:19746449). Interacts with MESD; the interaction prevents the formation of LRP5 aggregates, targets LRP5 to the plasma membrane and, when complexed with KREMEN2, increases DKK1 binding (PubMed:17488095, PubMed:19746449, PubMed:15143163). Interacts with CSNK1E (PubMed:16513652). Interacts with SOST; the interaction antagonizes canonical Wnt signaling (PubMed:15778503, PubMed:15908424). Interacts with APCDD1 (PubMed:20393562). Interacts with CAPRIN2 (PubMed:18762581). UniProt
Legend
The Protein Feature View requires a browser that supports SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics). Mouse over tracks and labels for more information.
Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Sequence Mismatches It is now possible to see information about expression tags, cloning artifacts, and many other details related to sequence mismatches.
Icons represent a number of different sequence modifications that can be observed in PDB files. For example the 'T' icon T represents expression tags that have been added to the sequence. The 'E' icon E represents an engineered mutation. However, besides these two, there are many other icons. For more information about the meaning and exact position of a sequence modification, move the cursor over the icon.
Validation Track

For more details on the Validation Track (Structure Summary Page only) see the dedicated help page.

Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
Organism icons generated by flaticon.com under CC BY. The authors are: Freepik, Icons8, OCHA, Scott de Jonge.

For more details on the Protein Feature view see the dedicated help page.