CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta - P17676 (CEBPB_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Important transcription factor regulating the expression of genes involved in immune and inflammatory responses (PubMed:1741402, PubMed:9374525, PubMed:12048245, PubMed:18647749). Plays also a significant role in adipogenesis, as well as in the gluconeogenic pathway, liver regeneration, and hematopoiesis. The consensus recognition site is 5'-T[TG]NNGNAA[TG]-3'. Its functional capacity is governed by protein interactions and post-translational protein modifications. During early embryogenesis, plays essential and redundant functions with CEBPA. Has a promitotic effect on many cell types such as hepatocytes and adipocytes but has an antiproliferative effect on T-cells by repressing MYC expression, facilitating differentiation along the T-helper 2 lineage. Binds to regulatory regions of several acute-phase and cytokines genes and plays a role in the regulation of acute-phase reaction and inflammation. Plays also a role in intracellular bacteria killing (By similarity). During adipogenesis, is rapidly expressed and, after activation by phosphorylation, induces CEBPA and PPARG, which turn on the series of adipocyte genes that give rise to the adipocyte phenotype. The delayed transactivation of the CEBPA and PPARG genes by CEBPB appears necessary to allow mitotic clonal expansion and thereby progression of terminal differentiation (PubMed:20829347). Essential for female reproduction because of a critical role in ovarian follicle development (By similarity). Restricts osteoclastogenesis: together with NFE2L1; represses expression of DSPP during odontoblast differentiation (By similarity). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Binds DNA as a homodimer and as a heterodimer (PubMed:11018027, PubMed:11257229, PubMed:11792321). Interacts with ATF4. Binds DNA as a heterodimer with ATF4 (PubMed:11018027). Interacts with MYB; within the complex, MYB and CEBPB bind to different promoter regions (PubMed:11792321). Can form stable heterodimers with CEBPD (PubMed:1741402). Can form stable heterodimers with CEBPA and CEBPE (By similarity). Interacts with SIX1 (PubMed:27923061). Isoform 2 and isoform 3 also form heterodimers. Interacts with TRIM28 and PTGES2. Interacts with PRDM16. Interacts with CCDC85B. Forms a complex with THOC5. Interacts with ZNF638; this interaction increases transcriptional activation. Interacts with CIDEA and CIDEC; these interactions increase transcriptional activation of a subset of CEBPB downstream target genes (By similarity). Interacts with DDIT3/CHOP (PubMed:20829347). Interacts with EP300; recruits EP300 to chromatin. Interacts with RORA; the interaction disrupts interaction with EP300. Interacts (not methylated) with MED23, MED26, SMARCA2, SMARCB1 and SMARCC1 (PubMed:20111005). Interacts with KAT2A and KAT2B (By similarity). Interacts with ATF5; EP300 is required for ATF5 and CEBPB interaction and DNA binding (By similarity). Interacts with NFE2L1; the heterodimer represses expression of DSPP during odontoblast differentiation (By similarity). UniProt
the 9aaTAD motif is a transactivation domain present in a large number of yeast and animal transcription factors. UniProt
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