DNA damage-binding protein 2 - Q92466 (DDB2_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Protein, which is both involved in DNA repair and protein ubiquitination, as part of the UV-DDB complex and DCX (DDB1-CUL4-X-box) complexes, respectively (PubMed:10882109, PubMed:11278856, PubMed:11705987, PubMed:9892649, PubMed:12732143, PubMed:15882621, PubMed:16473935, PubMed:18593899). Core component of the UV-DDB complex (UV-damaged DNA-binding protein complex), a complex that recognizes UV-induced DNA damage and recruit proteins of the nucleotide excision repair pathway (the NER pathway) to initiate DNA repair (PubMed:10882109, PubMed:11278856, PubMed:11705987, PubMed:16260596, PubMed:12944386, PubMed:14751237). The UV-DDB complex preferentially binds to cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPD), 6-4 photoproducts (6-4 PP), apurinic sites and short mismatches (PubMed:10882109, PubMed:11278856, PubMed:11705987, PubMed:16260596, PubMed:12944386). Also functions as the substrate recognition module for the DCX (DDB2-CUL4-X-box) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex DDB2-CUL4-ROC1 (also known as CUL4-DDB-ROC1 and CUL4-DDB-RBX1) (PubMed:12732143, PubMed:15882621, PubMed:16473935, PubMed:18593899, PubMed:26572825). The DDB2-CUL4-ROC1 complex may ubiquitinate histone H2A, histone H3 and histone H4 at sites of UV-induced DNA damage (PubMed:16678110, PubMed:16473935). The ubiquitination of histones may facilitate their removal from the nucleosome and promote subsequent DNA repair (PubMed:16678110, PubMed:16473935). The DDB2-CUL4-ROC1 complex also ubiquitinates XPC, which may enhance DNA-binding by XPC and promote NER (PubMed:15882621). The DDB2-CUL4-ROC1 complex also ubiquitinates KAT7/HBO1 in response to DNA damage, leading to its degradation: recognizes KAT7/HBO1 following phosphorylation by ATR (PubMed:26572825). UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
Component of the UV-DDB complex which includes DDB1 and DDB2. The UV-DDB complex interacts with monoubiquitinated histone H2A and binds to XPC via the DDB2 subunit. Component of the DCX (DDB1-CUL4-X-box) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex DDB1-CUL4-ROC1 (also known as CUL4-DDB-ROC1 and CUL4-DDB-RBX1), which includes CUL4A or CUL4B, DDB1, DDB2 and RBX1. DDB2 may function as the substrate recognition module within this complex. The DDB1-CUL4-ROC1 complex may associate with the COP9 signalosome, and this inhibits the E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity of the complex. A large number of other DCX complexes may also exist in which an alternate substrate targeting subunit replaces DDB2. These targeting subunits are generally known as DCAF (DDB1- and CUL4-associated factor) or CDW (CUL4-DDB1-associated WD40-repeat) proteins. Isoform D1 and isoform D2 do not interact with DDB1. UniProt
Interblade loops of the WD repeat region mediate most of the interaction with DNA. A hairpin between blades 5 and 6 inserts into DNA minor groove and mediates recognition of lesions and separation of the damaged and undamaged strands. UniProt
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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