Disrupted in schizophrenia 1 protein - Q9NRI5 (DISC1_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Involved in the regulation of multiple aspects of embryonic and adult neurogenesis (PubMed:19502360, PubMed:19303846). Required for neural progenitor proliferation in the ventrical/subventrical zone during embryonic brain development and in the adult dentate gyrus of the hippocampus (By similarity). Participates in the Wnt-mediated neural progenitor proliferation as a positive regulator by modulating GSK3B activity and CTNNB1 abundance (PubMed:19303846). Plays a role as a modulator of the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway controlling the tempo of the process of newborn neurons integration during adult neurogenesis, including neuron positioning, dendritic development and synapse formation (By similarity). Inhibits the activation of AKT-mTOR signaling upon interaction with CCDC88A (By similarity). Regulates the migration of early-born granule cell precursors toward the dentate gyrus during the hippocampal development (PubMed:19502360). Inhibits ATF4 transcription factor activity in neurons by disrupting ATF4 dimerization and DNA-binding (By similarity). Plays a role, together with PCNT, in the microtubule network formation (PubMed:18955030). UniProt
Pathway Maps
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Interacts with NDEL1 (PubMed:12506198). Interacts with CCDC88A (via C-terminus); the interaction is direct. Interacts with GSK3B (By similarity). Interacts with tubulin alpha, ACTN2, ANKHD1, ATF4, ATF5, CEP63, EIF3S3, MAP1A, NDEL1, PAFAH1B1, RANBP9, SPTBN4, SYNE1 and TRAF3IP1 (PubMed:12812986). Interaction with microtubules may be mediated in part by TRAF3IP1. Interacts (via C-terminal) with PCNT (PubMed:18955030). Interacts with CHCHD6 (PubMed:22228767). Interacts with CCDC141 (By similarity). Interacts with FBXW7, the substrate-recognition component of a SCF (SKP1-CUL1-F-box protein) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex; the interaction targets DISC1 for proteasomal degradation (PubMed:28727686). Interacts with ZNF365 (PubMed:17389905). Interacts with ATF4; inhibiting ATF4 transcription factor activity by disrupting ATF4 dimerization and DNA-binding (By similarity). UniProt
  • Isoforms: 11 , currently showing only the 'canonical' sequence.
The Protein Feature View requires a browser that supports SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics). Mouse over tracks and labels for more information.
Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Sequence Mismatches It is now possible to see information about expression tags, cloning artifacts, and many other details related to sequence mismatches.
Icons represent a number of different sequence modifications that can be observed in PDB files. For example the 'T' icon T represents expression tags that have been added to the sequence. The 'E' icon E represents an engineered mutation. However, besides these two, there are many other icons. For more information about the meaning and exact position of a sequence modification, move the cursor over the icon.
Validation Track

For more details on the Validation Track (Structure Summary Page only) see the dedicated help page.

Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
Organism icons generated by flaticon.com under CC BY. The authors are: Freepik, Icons8, OCHA, Scott de Jonge.

For more details on the Protein Feature view see the dedicated help page.