Cryo-EM Structures Reveal Relocalization of MetAP in the Presence of Other Protein Biogenesis Factors at the Ribosomal Tunnel Exit.Bhakta, S., Akbar, S., Sengupta, J.
(2019) J. Mol. Biol. 431: 1426-1439
- PubMed: 30753870
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2019.02.002
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
During protein biosynthesis in bacteria, one of the earliest events that a nascent polypeptide chain goes through is the co-translational enzymatic processing. The event includes two enzymatic pathways: deformylation of the N-terminal methionine by t ...
During protein biosynthesis in bacteria, one of the earliest events that a nascent polypeptide chain goes through is the co-translational enzymatic processing. The event includes two enzymatic pathways: deformylation of the N-terminal methionine by the enzyme peptide deformylase (PDF), followed by methionine excision catalyzed by methionine aminopeptidase (MetAP). During the enzymatic processing, the emerging nascent protein likely remains shielded by the ribosome-associated chaperone trigger factor. The ribosome tunnel exit serves as a stage for recruiting proteins involved in maturation processes of the nascent chain. Co-translational processing of nascent chains is a critical step for subsequent folding and functioning of mature proteins. Here, we present cryo-electron microscopy structures of Escherichia coli (E. coli) ribosome in complex with the nascent chain processing proteins. The structures reveal overlapping binding sites for PDF and MetAP when they bind individually at the tunnel exit site, where L22-L32 protein region provides primary anchoring sites for both proteins. In the absence of PDF, trigger factor can access ribosomal tunnel exit when MetAP occupies its primary binding site. Interestingly, however, in the presence of PDF, when MetAP's primary binding site is already engaged, MetAP has a remarkable ability to occupy an alternative binding site adjacent to PDF. Our study, thus, discloses an unexpected mechanism that MetAP adopts for context-specific ribosome association.
Structural Biology & Bio-Informatics Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4, Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700 032, India.